MINOS selection of topics

4.1.1 Nanosciences and converging sciences
Long-term interdisciplinary research into understanding phenomena, mastering processes and developing leading edge research tools and techniques is vital for the future of EU industry. The main objective is to support the development of new knowledge by studying the phenomena and manipulation of matter at the nanoscale in order to open new horizons. The research also focuses on new structures and systems with novel or pre-defined properties and behaviour with attention to possible applications. This involves interdisciplinary approaches in collaborative research that may include several fields of sciences or disciplines such as: biological sciences, physics, chemistry, electronic, engineering, mathematics, environmental related disciplines, cognitive sciences, social sciences, etc.
NMP-2008-1.1-1 Converging sciences and technologies (nano, bio, info and/or cogni) [...]
NMP-2008-1.1-3 Examining capacity building in nanobiotechnology [...]

4.1.2 Nanotechnologies and converging technologies
Europe enjoys a strong position in nanosciences that needs to be translated into a real competitive advantage for European industry. Exploration of new concepts and approaches for sectorial applications, including the integration and convergence of emerging technologies at the nanoscale, are needed to promote the development of an RTD-intensive European nanotechnology related industry and the uptake of nanotechnologies in existing industrial sectors to promote the step change in industrial performance that is needed. The main objective is to promote industrial innovation by developing nanotechnologies that will enable both the manufacturing of new, higher performance "nano-enabled" services, products, components, devices and systems across a range of applications and the development of totally new manufacturing processes. Whenever appropriate, an interdisciplinary approach integrating different technologies, sciences or disciplines should be considered including health, safety and environmental issues as well as nomenclature, metrology and standardisation.
NMP-2008-1.2-1 Pilot lines to introduce nanotechnology-based processes into the value chain of existing industries [...]
NMP-2008-1.2-2 Nanotechnologies for water treatment [...]
NMP-2008-1.2-3 Development of technologies for the controlled combustion of nanoparticles [...]

4.1.3 Health, Safety and Environmental Impacts
The main objective is to support the scientific assessment of the potential health, safety and environmental risks associated with nanotechnology-based materials and products at the earliest possible stage. This involves the generation of quantitative data on toxicology and ecotoxicology and methodologies for generating data. Test methods, exposure assessment and risk assessment methods may need to be developed or modified to be applicable to nanomaterials, as well as methodologies for life cycle analysis. In addition, analytical methods might not be fully suitable and therefore also the development of suitable devices and instruments for measurement are addressed. Research activities will thus contribute to closing the knowledge gap, providing the basis for meeting regulatory requirements and, if need be, developing new requirements, conducive to a safe, responsible and sustainable development.
NMP-2008-1.3-2 Impact of engineered nanoparticles on health and the environment [...]

4.2.1 Mastering nano-scale complexity in materials
The frontiers of materials research have been taken to the next level by the availability of technologies allowing the tailoring of material structure at the nanoscale and by the development of material systems made up of components with nanoscale dimensions. Materials based upon these concepts began to emerge with the study of low dimensional structures such as thin-films and interfaces and now encompass a wide range of material research areas, from nanostructured particles to nanostructured composites, coatings and membranes. The key objective is to tailor, at the nanoscale, novel material systems with radically new or enhanced properties and performance based upon our improved understanding of materials nanostructure.
NMP-2008-2.1-1 Nanostructured membrane materials [...]
NMP-2008-2.1-2 Processing and upscaling of nanostructured materials [...]

4.2.2 Knowledge-based smart materials with tailored properties
Smart materials, which provide a wide spectrum of enhanced functionalities and have the potential to replace whole devices, are having an enormous impact in today’s modern world. Advances in smart materials have already started to find their way into industrial applications, but there are still immense possibilities to achieve improved functionality by further tailoring the material properties in many areas, from shape memory alloys and electroactive polymers to photochromic materials and tunable dielectrics. The main objective is to design novel knowledge-based smart materials with tailored properties, releasing their potential for enhanced and innovative applications.
NMP-2008-2.2-1 Compound semiconductors for electronics and photonics [...]
NMP-2008-2.2-2 Nanostructured meta-materials [...]

4.2.3 Novel biomaterials and bioinspired materials
Biomaterials are nowadays essential for improving human health, quality of life and environmental protection. Originally foreseen with an aim to minimise rejection by the host organism, they have now entered a new stage in which they can be designed with bioactive properties, exchanging stimuli with the surrounding tissue and inducing specific cellular reactions. Bioinspired materials, on the other hand, take advantage of the knowledge that nature has been optimising over millions of years. Man-made material solutions can now take inspiration from the most complex naturallyorganised chemical and biological structures (e.g. from the nanoworld of proteins to macroscopic structures of bone, shell and enamel). The main objective should be to achieve radical innovations in state-of-the-art biomaterials and to design highly performing bioinspired materials learning from natural processes.
NMP-2008-2.3-1 Advanced implants and bioactive materials for critical organs [...]

4.2.4 Advances in chemical technologies and materials processing
Discoveries of new materials with tailored properties and advances in their processing are the ratelimiting steps in product development in many industrial sectors. Tomorrow’s technology is in fact imposing increasingly stringent requirements on chemical technologies and materials processing. Materials chemistry has the potential to continue making substantial contributions to many fields, including modern plastics, paints, textiles and electronic materials, through the understanding of fundamental chemical interactions and processes. The key objective is to radically improve materials by increasing knowledge in materials chemistry and chemical processes, in particular at the nanoscale, e.g. in areas such as nanostructured catalysts and inorganic-organic hybrid systems, and to make progress in the field of environmentally friendly materials able to substitute currently harmful applications, and in the field of clean, flexible and efficient materials processing.
NMP-2008-2.4-1 Inorganic-Organic Hybrid Materials [...]
NMP-2008-2.4-2 Radical advances in the processing of multifunctional films and tapes [...]

4.3.5 Exploitation of the convergence of technologies
The key objective is to stimulate the creation of new industries by facilitating the design, engineering and manufacturing of the next generation of high value-added products, exploiting the opportunities, integration and convergence of, for example, micro- ,nano-, bio-, info- and cognitive technologies. The research focus is on the application of basic research results for the development of new manufacturing processes for new science based products in order to create potentially disruptive products and production systems. Environmental technologies, adaptive and functional materials, cognition based control, intelligent mechatronic systems and process technologies are examples of possible application fields and there is a strong focus on micro and nanomanufacturing. Synergies, coordination and collaboration with the ICT and Bio thematic priorities will be sought, where appropriate.
NMP-2008-3.5-1 Volume production process chains for high throughput micromanufacturing [...]

4.4.0 Integration of technologies for industrial applications
The integration of knowledge and technologies of the three areas of research above is essential in order to speed up the transformation of European industry and its economy, while adopting a safe, socially responsible and sustainable approach. The research will focus on new applications and novel, step-change solutions responding to major challenges, including the RTD needs identified by the different European Technology Platforms. This research should enable and sustain the knowledge-based transformation of current industrial sectors and the development of new science-based sectors through the integration of new knowledge from nano-, materials-, and production technologies in sectoral and cross-sectoral applications. The RTD approaches and objectives applied by the partners should lead to results (products, processes, methods, etc.) and impacts which must observe the guidelines of the sustainable development paradigm, namely the public health, worker safety, environmental protection and the societal dimensions, including governance concerns (public awareness and acceptance). Furthermore this research work must constitute an opportunity for Europe to consolidate the optimal normalisation and standards needed. Several cross-cutting dimensions could be considered while handling the vast array of sectors and applications and could further inspire the emergence of topics: - Transforming traditional industry, which faces the challenge of low-cost competition. It should increase its productivity through new processes, high-added value products and new business models; - Fostering scale-intensive and specialized suppliers industry through the adoption and integration of new advanced technologies thus enabling the improvement of its leadership in the global market; - Promoting Science-based Industry which will play a key role in establishing a high-value European industry. It will need the integration of most of the advanced technologies dealt with in Nanotechnologies, Materials and Production activities, enabling the development of new, high value, products and services, processes and even leading to new industries. - Towards a sustainable supply industry is another key objective in supporting product & productivity innovation, especially for sectors with a large environmental impact.
NMP-2008-4.0-1 Development of nanotechnology-based systems for diagnosis and/or therapy for diabetes, musculo-skeletal or inflammatory diseases (in coordination with Theme HEALTH) [...]
NMP-2008-4.0-3 Nano-technology enabled applications for integrated, cost-effective volume production [...]
NMP-2008-4.0-4 Expanding the limits of advanced materials processing applications through a new generation of high brilliance lasers [...]
NMP-2008-4.0-9 Reducing the risk of injury in complex systems through advanced personal protective equipment [...]