NMP-2008-2.1-1 Nanostructured membrane materials
Technical content/scope: Tailor-made nanostructured membrane materials show great potential in the area of waste gas or fluid separation having very significant environmental implications. The control of nano-level phenomena is very important in order to enhance the performance of porous materials for selective gas or fluid separation. Research is needed for the development of radically new nanostructured membrane materials, organic and inorganic, as well as on their characterisation and processing methods. The design of novel copolymers for the creation of defined membrane structures by self assembly of block-copolymers and the development of new high free volume polymers with pores in the nanometre range are also very promising fields. Nanostructured membranes that are thermally stable and very selective at high temperatures are important, for example, for gas separation in power generation plants. The projects should aim at radical innovations in the design and development of new nanostructured membranes and in their processing techniques, for example by controlling parameters (such as temperature, pressure, chemical dosage, pH and deposition sequencing) that will enable the fabrication of problemspecific, permeability selective, nanostructured membrane materials. Modelling of transport through the nanostructured membranes under study should provide a better understanding of separation processes, leading to porous structures with high fluxes and high selectivity.
Funding scheme: Small or medium scale focused collaborative projects.
Special features: In order to ensure industrial relevance and impact of the research effort, the active participation of industrial partners represents an added value to the activities and this will be reflected in the evaluation.
Expected impact: Gas and fluid separation for environmental technologies, e.g. CO2 separation in power stations, particularly in the light of commitments under the Kyoto Protocol. Development of membranes with improved selectivity towards higher hydrocarbons and with a commercial level of throughput.